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When does a girl has her free period

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Understanding how the process works is important, since you can use this information to help to either get pregnant or avoid getting pregnant, to better manage any menstrual symptoms you are experiencing, and understand when there might be a problem. What is menstruation? How does the menstrual cycle work? How can I figure out what is happening in my cycle?

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Ovulation - Nucleus Health

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Women's Health : Create an Ovulation Calendar

Normal Menstrual Cycle

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The menstrual cycle is the series of changes a woman's body goes through to prepare for a pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new lining endometrium to get ready for a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus sheds its lining.

This is the monthly menstrual bleeding also called menstrual period that women have from their early teen years until menopause , around age The menstrual cycle is from Day 1 of bleeding to Day 1 of the next time of bleeding. Although the average cycle is 28 days, it is normal to have a cycle that is shorter or longer. Girls usually start having menstrual periods between the ages of 11 and Women usually start to have fewer periods between ages 39 and Women in their 40s and teens may have cycles that are longer or change a lot.

If you are a teen, your cycles should even out with time. If you are nearing menopause, your cycles will probably get longer and then will stop. Talk to your doctor if you notice any big change in your cycle. It's especially important to check with your doctor if you have three or more menstrual periods that last longer than 7 days or are very heavy.

Also call if you have bleeding between your periods or pelvic pain that is not from your period. Your hormones control your menstrual cycle. During each cycle, your brain's hypothalamus and pituitary gland send hormone signals back and forth with your ovaries.

These signals get the ovaries and uterus ready for a pregnancy. The hormones estrogen and progesterone play the biggest roles in how the uterus changes during each cycle. A change in hormone levels can affect your cycle or fertility. For example, teens tend to have low or changing progesterone levels. This is also true for women close to menopause. That is why teens and women in their 40s may have heavy menstrual bleeding and cycles that change in length.

Other things can change your cycle. They include birth control pills, low body fat, losing a lot of weight, or being overweight. Stress or very hard exercise also can change your cycle. Pregnancy is the most common cause of a missed period.

Some women have no pain or other problems. But other women have symptoms before and during their periods. For about a week before a period, many women have some premenstrual symptoms. You may feel more tense or angry. You may gain water weight and feel bloated. Your breasts may feel tender. You may get acne. You also may have less energy than usual.

A day or two before your period, you may start having pain cramps in your belly, back, or legs. These symptoms go away during the first days of a period. When your ovary releases an egg in the middle of your cycle, you may have pain in your lower belly. You also might have red spotting for less than a day. Both are normal.

You can use pads, tampons, or menstrual cups to manage bleeding. Be sure to change tampons at least every 4 to 8 hours. Pads or menstrual cups may be best at night. Many women can improve their symptoms by getting regular exercise and eating a healthy diet. It also may help to limit alcohol and caffeine. Try to reduce stress. A heating pad, hot water bottle, or warm bath also can help with cramps.

You can take an over-the-counter medicine such as ibuprofen or naproxen before and during your period to reduce pain and bleeding. Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.

The menstrual cycle is the series of changes your body goes through to prepare for a possible pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new, thickened lining endometrium that can hold a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus then sheds its lining. This is the monthly menstrual bleeding also called menstruation or menstrual period that you have from your early teen years until your menstrual periods end around age 50 menopause.

See a picture of a woman's reproductive system. The menstrual cycle is measured from the first day of menstrual bleeding, Day 1, up to Day 1 of your next menstrual bleeding. Although 28 days is the average cycle length, it is normal to have a cycle that is shorter or longer.

The phases of your menstrual cycle are triggered by hormonal changes. On Day 1 of your cycle, the thickened lining endometrium of the uterus begins to shed. You know this as menstrual bleeding from the vagina. A normal menstrual period can last 4 to 6 days. Most of your menstrual blood loss happens during the first 3 days.

This is also when you might have cramping pain in your pelvis, legs, and back. Cramps can range from mild to severe. The cramping is your uterus contracting, helping the endometrium shed. In general, any premenstrual symptoms that you've felt before your period will go away during these first days of your cycle. During the follicular phase, an egg follicle on an ovary gets ready to release an egg. Usually, one egg is released each cycle. This process can be short or long and plays the biggest role in how long your cycle is.

At the same time, the uterus starts growing a new endometrium to prepare for pregnancy. The last 5 days of the follicular phase, plus ovulation day, are your fertile window. This is when you are most likely to become pregnant if you have sex without using birth control. This phase starts on ovulation day, the day the egg is released from the egg follicle on the ovary. It can happen any time from Day 7 to Day 22 of a normal menstrual cycle. During ovulation, some women have less than a day of red spotting or lower pelvic pain or discomfort mittelschmerz.

These signs of ovulation are normal. After the teen years and before perimenopause in your 40s, your luteal phase is very predictable. It normally lasts 13 to 15 days, from ovulation until menstrual bleeding starts a new cycle. This 2-week period is also called the "premenstrual" period. Many women have premenstrual symptoms during all or part of the luteal phase. You may feel tense, angry, or emotional. Or you may have tender breasts or acne.

A day or more before your period, you may start to have pain cramps in your abdomen, back, or legs. It is normal to have less energy at this time. Some women also have headaches, diarrhea or constipation, nausea, dizziness, or fainting. When premenstrual symptoms make your daily life difficult, you are said to have premenstrual syndrome PMS.

Menarche say "MEN-ar-kee" is a girl's first menstrual period. A first period usually happens after breasts, pubic hair, and underarm hair have begun to grow. Menarche is a sign of growing up and becoming a woman. It can happen as early as about age 9 or up to age The first few periods are usually light and irregular.

About 2 out of 3 girls have a regular pattern of menstrual periods within 2 years of menarche. For more information, see Menarche.

Perimenopause , which means "around menopause," refers to the 2 to 8 years of changing hormone levels and related symptoms that lead up to menopause. The most common sign of perimenopause is longer, often irregular menstrual cycles that are caused by hormonal ups and downs.

Most women start perimenopause between ages 39 and Some women begin to notice menstrual changes and premenstrual syndrome PMS symptoms in their late 30s when hormones begin to fluctuate and fertility naturally declines.

Other women don't notice perimenopausal changes until their late 40s. Perimenopause is a time of unpredictability. Menstrual and hormone-related symptoms are different for every woman. Some notice few or no changes.

Can a Girl Get Pregnant if She Has Sex During Her Period?

Learn all about the menstrual cycle, what happens during a cycle, how long a menstrual cycle usually is and when you should seek help. The video below is a fantastic resource for girls and women of all ages and cultures, covering the changes that come with puberty and giving educational insight into why the period occurs and what they can expect when it does. The menstrual cycle is a cycle of bodily changes controlled by female hormones that cause a regular bleed. This bleed, which usually occurs monthly, comes from the uterus womb and flows out from the vagina.

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It's a common misconception that if a woman has sex during her period she cannot become pregnant. While a woman is unlikely to get pregnant during her period, it is absolutely possible. Hakakha says. If there is no fertilization, the lining of the uterus is sloughed off about 14 days later. This is called your period.

Your Fertility right time for sex

All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. The javascript used in this widget is not supported by your browser. Please enable JavaScript for full functionality. Regular menstrual periods in the years between puberty and menopause are usually a sign that your body is working normally. Irregular or heavy, painful periods are not normal. Many women also get premenstrual syndrome PMS symptoms. You can take steps at home and talk to your doctor or nurse about ways to treat your period problems and PMS.

Understanding how menstruation works can help you understand how your own cycle works.

Having sex intercourse during this time gives you the best chance of getting pregnant. Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary. The egg then moves down the fallopian tube where it can be fertilised. Pregnancy is technically only possible if you have sex during the five days before ovulation or on the day of ovulation.

Back to Pregnancy. Yes, although it's not very likely.

The menstrual cycle is the series of changes a woman's body goes through to prepare for a pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new lining endometrium to get ready for a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus sheds its lining.

Menstrual Cycle

Your menstrual cycle can say a lot about your health. Understand how to start tracking your menstrual cycle and what to do about irregularities. Do you know when your last menstrual period began or how long it lasted?

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About the menstrual cycle

For thousands of years, people have been determining infertile days or safe periods for intercourse to avoid pregnancy. Once you understand the menstrual cycle and what happens in each phase, you can calculate safe days with higher accuracy. The premise behind a safe period calculator is to prevent an unwanted pregnancy naturally, without any side effects. So, if you do not want a baby and do not want to use contraceptives either, this is the time you should have sex with your partner. Biologically speaking, this is the time whenthe egg is not present to be fertilised. If you have intercourse when there is no egg, you cannot get pregnant because this is the unfertile period in a menstrual cycle. For most women, ovulation occurs approximately 14 days before the next menstruatal cycle starts.

Women in their 40s and teens may have cycles that are longer or change a lot. If you are a teen, your cycles should even out with time. If you are nearing.

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Can a Woman Become Pregnant During Her Period?

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