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Can a diabetic woman become pregnant

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If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, it is very important to talk to your healthcare team if you are thinking about having a baby. There are some things that are best done before you get pregnant that will reduce your risk of pregnancy complications and baby loss. If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, you need to be as healthy as possible before you conceive, and while you are pregnant. The first thing to do is talk to your GP or diabetes team. You should get information about how diabetes affects pregnancy and how pregnancy affects diabetes.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: High Risk Pregnancy: Diabetes

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How Diabetics Should Prepare Prior to Pregnancy

Preexisting diabetes

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Many people believe that getting pregnant when they already have diabetes is not possible because of the struggles women in the past may have faced, which preceded more modern treatments, monitoring tools, and knowledge.

Today, however, being diabetic does not mean that your pregnancy is destined for struggle, complications, or miscarriage. That said, you do need to be proactive in your diabetes care prior to pregnancy to optimize you and your baby's health and prevent possible complications, like birth defects. If you want to "try," it's strongly recommended that you get blood sugar levels under control three to six months before trying to conceive.

This is because there are potential risks to you and your baby if your blood glucose levels are high. Other potential risks include low blood glucose in your baby at birth, a large baby, and a baby born with difficulty breathing or yellowing of the skin jaundice.

There are also risks to you as a mother being pregnant and having diabetes like worsening of your diabetes-related eye or kidney conditions, and a greater risk for having infections, like urinary tract infections, Another concern for pregnant women with diabetes is preeclampsia , a dangerous medical condition that causes high blood pressure and swelling.

First, talk to your health care provider about your desire to have a baby. Discuss diet, exercise, blood sugar goals, and any medications you are currently taking. Some medications may not be safe during pregnancy or may require dosage adjustment. In addition, you may also be referred to other diabetes or high-risk pregnancy specialists, such as a perinatologist or an endocrinologist. When talking to your doctor, ask about a daily multivitamin with folic acid— micrograms is a typically recommended amount, but you should find out if this is sufficient for you.

In addition, it's important to educate yourself about diabetes and be prepared. It might be helpful to join a support group of women with diabetes who became pregnant. They may be able to share tips for managing tight blood sugar levels and other tidbits on nutrition and maintaining a healthy weight during pregnancy. Having diabetes, especially with out-of-control blood sugars, increases the risks of pregnancy.

However, with good planning and blood sugar control , the risks can be lowered. Having diabetes and getting pregnant means that your pregnancy will be labeled high-risk. This sounds scary, but basically, it means that your health care team knows to watch you closely.

Talk to your doctor if you have existing diabetes-related complications or other health problems that may prevent or complicate pregnancy. In addition, if you are already pregnant, seek out prenatal care as soon as possible to help lower the risks for you and your baby.

Get diet and wellness tips to help your kids stay healthy and happy. Risks of Being Pregnant and Diabetic. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Family uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles.

Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

American Diabetes Association. Before Pregnancy. Kitzmiller, MD, MS, et al. Diabetes Care, 31 5 March of Dimes. Managing Preexisting Diabetes During Pregnancy. Related Articles. Diabetes in Miscarriage and Stillbirth. Natural Approach to Gestational Diabetes. Blood Sugar Goals for Moms-to-Be. An Overview of Miscarriage Causes. An Overview of Pregnancy Complications. Verywell Family uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience.

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Diabetes: Should I Get Pregnant?

There was a time when women who had diabetes were strongly advised to avoid getting pregnant. Attempting to produce a biologically-related family was just too dangerous [source: Brucker ]. Fortunately, diabetic women are no longer given that heartbreaking direction from caregivers.

Blood sugar that is not well controlled in a pregnant woman with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes could lead to problems for the woman and the baby:. The organs of the baby form during the first two months of pregnancy, often before a woman knows that she is pregnant.

Diabetes Diabetes and getting pregnant. Having a chronic condition such as diabetes diabetes mellitus takes careful monitoring of your health at the best of times, and this becomes even more crucial during pregnancy, a time when your body changes dramatically. Most women who have pre-existing diabetes who become pregnant have type 1 diabetes once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes , although some may have type 2 once called non-insulin dependent or maturity-onset diabetes. Another type of diabetes called gestational diabetes is a temporary type of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before and it usually goes away after the baby is born.

Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes and Pregnancy

Diabetes can cause problems during pregnancy for women and their developing babies. Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman. Proper health care before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects and other health problems. Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot use the sugars and starches carbohydrates it takes in as food to make energy. The body either makes no insulin or too little insulin or cannot use the insulin it makes to change those sugars and starches into energy. As a result, extra sugar builds up in the blood. Type 1 diabetes must be controlled with daily insulin.

I have diabetes. What should I know before I get pregnant?

Worried about the coronavirus? Here's what you should know. Read more. Pregnancy is often a time of great highs and lows.

Diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range.

Top of the page Decision Point. You may want to have a say in this decision, or you may simply want to follow your doctor's recommendation. Either way, this information will help you understand what your choices are so that you can talk to your doctor about them.

Prenatal Care

Please sign in or sign up for a March of Dimes account to proceed. Women with diabetes can and do have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies. Managing diabetes can help reduce your risk for complications.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What is a diabetic pregnancy?

Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Most pregnant women with diabetes will go on to have a healthy baby, but there are some possible complications you should be aware of. The information on this page is for women who were diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes before they got pregnant. It doesn't cover gestational diabetes — high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born. They will advise you about what to do.

Does diabetes affect fertility?

Log in Sign up. Before you begin Get ready for pregnancy Food, weight and fertility. Community groups. Home Getting pregnant Before you begin Existing health problems. Morag Martindale GP and expert in baby and women's health. If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes there are steps you can take to prepare yourself for pregnancy. You will need to be very careful to monitor your blood sugar glucose levels, though. Sometimes these complications can result in a baby being born with a life-long condition , although this is rare.

During pregnancy, your diabetes control will require more work. suggests the following targets for women with preexisting diabetes who become pregnant.

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning a family, you should plan your pregnancy as much as possible. Controlling your blood sugars before conception and throughout pregnancy gives you the best chance of having a trouble-free pregnancy and birth and a healthy baby. Women with diabetes will need to closely monitor their blood sugar levels during their pregnancy. If you develop diabetes during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes.

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Many people believe that getting pregnant when they already have diabetes is not possible because of the struggles women in the past may have faced, which preceded more modern treatments, monitoring tools, and knowledge. Today, however, being diabetic does not mean that your pregnancy is destined for struggle, complications, or miscarriage. That said, you do need to be proactive in your diabetes care prior to pregnancy to optimize you and your baby's health and prevent possible complications, like birth defects. If you want to "try," it's strongly recommended that you get blood sugar levels under control three to six months before trying to conceive.

Diabetes and getting pregnant

COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest public health information from CDC: www. If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant.

Pregnancy and diabetes doesn't have to be a risky combination. By preparing for pregnancy, you can boost the odds of delivering a healthy baby.

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Preexisting Diabetes and Planning Pregnancy

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